We talked about the signs and symptoms of ADHD in children and teens – the symptoms and effects. Most adults with ADHD did not seek treatment in their childhood/teenage years. So let’s talk about ADHD in adults and how to diagnose ADHD in adulthood.
How To Diagnose ADHD In Adults – Signs And Symptoms
If you hear people complaining about your absent-minded behavior, there is a chance that you have ADHD. If you want to know how to diagnose ADHD in adulthood, you must note your symptoms for at least three months before you make an appointment with your therapist. Here’s a detailed list of signs and symptoms of ADHD in adults:
- You are forgetful – whether that’s an important meeting or your car keys, there’s always something that you forget to do almost every day.
- Disorganization Problems.
- Inability to get things done – experiencing problems with memory and attention makes it impossible for you to start/finish projects.
- People often complain that you don’t listen to them.
- Low frustration tolerance and hot-tempered.
- You had behavior issues as a child – your teachers/people might have often complained that you were either too lazy or hyperactive and had a low attention span.
- Trouble managing your stress.
- Poor time management skills.
- Substance abuse.
- Relationship problems.
- You face issues while multitasking.
Treatment For ADHD In Adults
If you feel that the symptoms mentioned above match your current state, you must seek treatment. Untreated ADHD will start to create more obstacles in your life – making it tougher for one to prosper in life or at the workplace. Here are a few ways how you can counter the symptoms of ADHD in adults:
Before taking any medications, you must consult your doctor. They will help you learn more about the risks and benefits of the medications. Most adults with ADHD are given stimulants that include methylphenidate or amphetamine. Stimulants boost and balance the level of neurotransmitters (brain chemicals) that positively impact your mood and behavior.
If you can’t take stimulants because of any health issues, your doctors may prescribe non-stimulant medicines containing atomoxetine and other antidepressants. Even though they work slower than stimulants, they still have a good effect on people who have ADHD. Do remember to inform your doctor about any side effects.
Another way to improve your mental health is by taking psychotherapy sessions like cognitive behavioral therapy. Therapy will help you control your behavior and turn your negative thinking patterns into positive ones. Psychotherapy may also help you improve your time management, planning, and organization skills. Moreover, you will learn how to reduce your impulsive behavior, cope with your failures and control your tempers. You will also learn ways to strengthen relationships with your family and friends, plus improve your self-esteem.
3. Support Groups
It’s always better to talk to people who are in your shoes. That’s why we suggest that you join support groups. This way, you will not only learn about other peoples’ experiences and coping techniques, but you will also find a community of like-minded individuals to engage with. You can also seek social support from your family and friends to improve your relationships.
Neurofeedback therapy aims to boost the brain’s capacity and proclivity for beta waves, which are linked to efficient information processing and problem-solving.
Delta and theta waves, on the other hand, are produced in the brain while it is relaxed or daydreaming. Patients with a large proportion of theta waves complain of unfinished work, disorganization, and distractibility. The purpose of neurofeedback is to reduce the frequency of delta and theta waves.
Before you make an appointment with your doctor, do prepare answers to the following questions:
- When was the first time you started having problems focusing and being attentive?
- Does something, in particular, improve/worsen your symptoms?
- How are your sleep hours and patterns?
- Do you consume caffeine, alcohol, or drugs?
- How is your current academic or work performance?
- Do you have any trouble socializing and maintaining relationships?
- Did you hear complaints regarding your behavior and performance in school?