Did your doctor recommend neurofeedback at home? In this article, we discuss: what is neurofeedback? And what are its practical applications for brain training? We also talk about different devices for neurofeedback that you can utilize easily at home.
What is Neurofeedback?
Neurofeedback (NFB) is a kind of biofeedback that delivers real-time feedback from brain activity to support healthy brain function through operant conditioning. It is also known as Neurotherapy, and it is useful in assisting patients in achieving long-term symptom relief.
These devices utilize electroencephalography (EEG) sensors on the scalp to measure the brain’s sensitive electrical activity. This electrical activity is read with the help of advanced software and then decoded on the neurofeedback device into particular brainwave frequencies, corresponding to alpha, beta, or theta.
These brainwaves are linked with particular mental or behavioral conditions. For example,
- alpha brain waves with a quiet internal state or relaxation.
- beta waves with active mental states such as thinking.
Uses of Neurofeedback
Neurofeedback is supportive for cognitive enhancement or the treatment of various disorders, such as:
- Learning Disabilities
- Brain Injuries
- Seizure Disorders
Neurofeedback at Home
Neurofeedback at home has several benefits over conventional neurofeedback therapy in the clinic. It allows the development of an optimal training schedule that depends on patients’ requirements and responsibilities.
The following are the few options for neurofeedback at home.
1. Linear Neurofeedback Devices
At home, neurofeedback is possible with the help of linear neurofeedback devices. It is the first generation of training systems that depend on protocol-leading programs.
Neurofeedback protocols work on a mechanism which is called operant conditioning. This training depends on enlargements or declines in specific target brainwave frequencies that depend on the patient’s brainwave patterns.
2. Non-linear Neurofeedback Devices
Nonlinear is a second-generation neurofeedback device, also known as dynamical neurofeedback. These devices deliver the brain real-time and continual information through auditory feedback. Furthermore, it enables the brain to interact adaptively with itself to rebalance dysfunctional brainwave patterns.
3. EEG Headwear
It is one of the well-known options for neurofeedback at home. These devices operate for emotional and attentional control training. Moreover, they help optimize cognitive performance over repeated training. EEG headwear uses 4–6 EEG electrodes, and these electrodes assist in reading brainwave activity on the front and sides of the scalp.
4. EEG Glasses
EEG glasses incorporate dry EEG sensors with wearable glasses and train attention and concentration by delivering visual feedback to the wearer. It is very effective for patients with symptoms of:
5. Brain Training
Brain training plays an influential role in healthy brain functions.
Brain training is a program of regular activities to improve one’s cognitive abilities. It is also known as cognitive training. It is effective for people with Parkinson’s disease, mild cognitive impairment, or dementia.
The following are activities that boost mental sharpness and support your brain to stay healthy.
- Build your vocabulary
- Learn new dance moves
- Use all your senses
- Take up tai chi
- Learn a new skill
- Listen to or play music
- Learn a new language
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