Vision training

Vision training at Abbey Clinic combines a decade of neuropsychology experience with years of vision therapy training and rehabilitation to help improve eye/brain coordination. We see with our brain not our eyes, which allows us to process information, read/write, and attend to the world around us. 

vision training can provide tangible improvements for:

Learning Challenges

Attention Regulation

Concussions/Brain Injuries


How we are different

Vision training is rooted in the techniques utilized by vision therapy and vision rehabilitation. However, while those modalities often act as aides to improve 20/20 vision, Abbey Neuropsychology Clinic’s unique vision training program aims to heighten and develop neural pathways relating to motor control and balance, proprioception (i.e., the awareness of the position and movement of one’s body in space), as well as enhance the perception and processing of incoming visual information.

It is important to understand that out of all of our senses – vision is the most dominant. Approximately 80% of what we perceive and understand about the world is through our sight. Because of this, vision is a key contributor to behavior. The visual process is how you, as an individual, comprehend what you are seeing and then use that information to perform actionable steps.

Example: When you are driving, your sense of sight is not just important for seeing road signs or the car in front of you. It is equally (if not more) important to be able to judge spatial relationships (i.e., where is your car in relation to other cars or objects) and estimate relative speeds (i.e., are cars slowing down or speeding up).

Vision is what lets a soccer player judge the position of the ball and the speed at which they are running in order to kick the ball at exactly the right moment in exactly the right space to make a goal. It is also what is used by students to track words across the page, understand that which they read, and direct a pencil across the page to answer questions on a test.

Our visual system is something that develops, and as such, it is also a neurological function that can be improved on.


Vision is a complex interplay of learned skills, including tracking, fixation, focus change, binocular fusion and visualization. When all of these are well developed, children and adults can sustain attention, read and write without careless errors, give meaning to what they hear and see, and rely less on movement to stay alert.


Academic success is based on more than just how smart you are. It’s also based on how your eye-mind connection is processing the world around you.

Reading & Writing

Eye tracking is a significant contributor to difficulties with reading and comprehension. If the eyes are not appropriately moving along across the page as a team, it may be difficult to encode and decode words. These difficulties may be- encoding the letters and words on a page, decoding and comprehension difficulties can be exacerbated or mimic a learning disability.

Poor visual skills can present as messy writing, uneven spacing or letter sizing, reversed letters, and/or slow output. Students may also find it difficult to copy lectures or notes off the board/screen onto their paper/planner.


If your eyes are not coordinating visual input properly, it takes more mental and physical effort to stay focused and react quicker.

Attention Regulation

Success across environments depends on more than just 20/20. In sports, the difference between winning and losing often comes down to your ability to process and react to the visual cues around you. In most cases, this takes mere fractions of a second.

Seeing clearly is only a part of what makes up our vision. In fact, many visual skills necessary for accurate visual function – including how our eyes work together, how accurate and efficient movements are, and how incoming information is processed. We are not born with these skill; they are learned and developed over time.


Concussions/brain injury symptoms, dizziness, headaches & migraines, and balance difficulties may be caused by problems with visual function even if the eyes are physically healthy.

Concussions & Other Injuries

Headaches, dizziness, nausea, light sensitivity, difficulty with screens, and depth perception problems can occur post-injury but also when the eyes and brain are not working properly together. An injury may affect the functional vision skills in teaming, focusing, and moving the eyes together to process information.

Problems with visual skills may cause you to mix up the information, or struggle to comprehend it. It has been common to think about “vision” as seeing clearly and the physiological health of the eye itself, with almost no focus given to how accurately or efficiently the system works.

eye tracking

Tasks like decoding and reading comprehension become significantly more difficult if your eyes are not tracking letters and lines properly. Information can easily get mixed up. Clients with tracking difficulties sometimes present as skipping lines, misreading words, not recognizing the same word a few lines later, re-reading the same sentence, not reading word endings, finding large text easier to read, and holding the book or paper close to their face.

eye teaming

In order to properly focus and attend to information on the page or board, or even on the world around you, it is important that your eyes work together. Problems with convergence insufficiency (i.e., when your eyes are not working together resulting in double or blurred vision), can cause reading difficulties, headaches, problems working with the computer or screens, squinting, tired eyes, poor depth perception, and difficulties with concentration.

accommodation reflex

Most of vision involves the brain. Your accommodation reflex is your ability to shift focus between near and far objects. In a school setting, this is important when copying information from the board to your page. In sports, it is critical to see players on the court or field and the ball in front of you. Weaknesses in eye accommodation can result in headaches, difficulties with concentration, visual fatigue, and impairments are common post-concussion/brain injuries.

visual processing

Once information comes through our visual sense, our brains need to decode and encode. Difficulties with visual processing can result in letter discrimination, letter/symbol reversal, poor visual memory for spelling or reading comprehension, visual-spatial difficulties, visual-motor weaknesses (i.e., coordinating writing within margins, struggles with typing), and sequencing issues (i.e., skip lines when reading, difficulty identifying order of words/pictures).

Our technology and individualized programs promote eye-hand coordination, visual scanning efficiency, and sustained visual attention. Modifications can be made to the programs to meet the client’s needs and increase complexity as they improve.
Programs include recalling of words, letters or numbers, and tactile stimulation to address memory, as well as visual difficulties. Visual screens and equipment may be raised or lowered so a client can use them from a wheelchair or standing position to help improve dynamic standing balance.

Contact us for a free phone consultation

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